What Is The Bottom Of A Shirt Called?

What Is The Bottom Of A Shirt Called?

The bottom of a shirt is called the hem. It is the edge of the fabric that is sewn to create a finished look and prevent fraying. The hem plays an important role in the overall design and fit of a shirt, as it helps to define its length and shape.

The history of shirt hems can be traced back to ancient civilizations, where garments were often made by hand and required careful attention to detail. Today, modern sewing techniques and machinery have made the process more efficient, but the importance of a well-crafted hem remains the same. In fact, studies have shown that a properly finished hem can significantly enhance the durability and appearance of a shirt, making it a crucial element in the manufacturing process.



What Is The Bottom Of A Shirt Called?

Different Terms Used to Refer to the Bottom of a Shirt

The bottom of a shirt is an essential part of its design and structure. While most people simply refer to it as the "bottom" or "hem," there are several other terms used in the fashion industry to describe this area. Understanding these terms can help you communicate better when discussing shirt styles or making alterations. Let's explore some of the different terms used to refer to the bottom of a shirt and what they mean.

1. Hem

The most common and straightforward term used to describe the bottom of a shirt is the "hem." The hem is the folded and sewn edge of the fabric that creates a finished appearance and prevents fraying. It is typically located at the bottom of the shirt and serves as a neat and clean finish to the garment.

The hem can be single, double, or even triple-folded, depending on the desired look and the fabric's thickness. It is usually sewn using a straight stitch or a zigzag stitch to secure the folded edge. The hemline of a shirt can vary in width, from narrow to wide, depending on the shirt's style and design.

Overall, the hem is a crucial element in creating a polished and professional look for a shirt.

Types of Hems

There are different types of hems used in shirt construction, each with its own unique style and purpose:

  • Single Hem: A basic hem that involves folding the fabric once and sewing it.
  • Double Hem: A hem that is folded twice, resulting in a clean finish on both sides of the fabric.
  • Blind Hem: A hem that is sewn using a special stitching technique that makes the stitches nearly invisible from the outside of the garment.
  • Roll Hem: A narrow hem that is rolled and sewn to create a delicate and decorative edge.

2. Shirttail

Another term commonly used to describe the bottom of a shirt is the "shirttail." The shirttail is the curved or rounded shape of the hemline, resembling the shape of a tail. It is usually longer at the back than at the front, creating a subtle asymmetrical look that is often seen in dress shirts or button-downs.

The shirttail design not only adds visual interest but also helps keep the shirt neatly tucked in at the back while allowing for ease of movement. It is particularly popular in men's dress shirts and adds a touch of elegance to the overall look.

In some cases, the shirttail may be more pronounced, especially in shirt styles with a high-low hemline. This type of hemline features a dramatic difference in length between the front and back, creating a fashionable and trendy look.

Examples of Shirttail Hemlines

Here are a few examples of common shirttail hemlines:

Classic Shirttail Hem The standard curved hemline that is longer at the back.
High-Low Hem A hemline that is significantly longer at the back than at the front.
Asymmetrical Hem A hemline that is intentionally uneven or angled, creating an asymmetrical look.

3. Shirt Bottom

The term "shirt bottom" refers to the lower part or section of a shirt that encompasses the hemline and extends upwards towards the waist or hips. It includes the area that is usually tucked into bottoms such as pants, skirts, or shorts. The shirt bottom can vary in length, depending on the style of the shirt and the desired look.

The shirt bottom is an essential aspect of the overall fit and appearance of a shirt. It should be long enough to stay tucked in comfortably and prevent it from coming untucked during regular movements.

Shirts with a longer shirt bottom are often designed for formal or professional settings, as they provide a more tailored and polished look. On the other hand, shirts with a shorter shirt bottom are commonly worn casually or untucked for a relaxed and laid-back style.

4. Shirt Hemline

The term "shirt hemline" refers to the line created by the bottom edge of the shirt. It is the border that separates the shirt from the rest of the body and gives it a defined shape. The shirt hemline can vary in length, shape, and style, depending on the shirt's design and intended purpose.

Common types of shirt hemlines include:

  • Straight Hemline: A horizontal hemline that runs parallel to the bottom edge of the shirt, creating a clean and classic look.
  • Curved Hemline: A hemline that is slightly rounded or curved, adding subtle visual interest to the shirt.
  • High-Low Hemline: A hemline that is shorter at the front and longer at the back, creating a fashionable and dynamic look.
  • Peplum Hemline: A hemline that flares out slightly at the waist, adding a feminine and flirty touch to the shirt.

Choosing the Right Hemline

When selecting a shirt, it's important to consider the hemline that best complements your body shape and personal style. Different hemlines can create different visual effects, enhance certain features, or balance proportions. Experimenting with various hemline styles can help you discover what works best for you and achieve the desired look.

The Importance of a Well-Finished Bottom

The bottom of a shirt may seem like a small and insignificant detail, but it plays a crucial role in the overall appearance and functionality of the garment. A well-finished bottom can elevate the look of a shirt, enhance its fit and comfort, and contribute to a polished and professional image.

Whether it's the neatly sewn hem, the stylish shirttail design, or the carefully chosen hemline, attention to detail in the bottom of a shirt shows a commitment to quality and craftsmanship. It demonstrates that the shirt has been thoughtfully designed and constructed.

Additionally, a well-finished bottom ensures that the shirt retains its shape and stays in place, especially when tucked in. It prevents the fabric from unraveling or fraying, maintaining the shirt's durability and longevity.

Ultimately, the bottom of a shirt is an essential component that contributes to the overall aesthetic and functionality of the garment, making it a key consideration in the design and manufacturing process.


What Is The Bottom Of A Shirt Called?

The Hem

In the professional fashion industry, the bottom of a shirt is commonly referred to as the hem. The hem is the folded and stitched fabric at the bottom edge of the shirt that prevents it from fraying and provides a finished look. It is an essential component of the overall construction of a shirt, ensuring durability and aesthetic appeal.

The hem of a shirt can vary in width, depending on the design and style of the garment. It can be a narrow hem that lies flat against the body, or a wider hem that adds volume and structure. The choice of hem width is often determined by the fabric type, desired fit, and fashion trends.

Additionally, the hem of a shirt can be further enhanced with decorative elements such as trim, topstitching, or contrasting fabric. These details elevate the overall design of the garment and showcase the craftsmanship of the shirt.


Key Takeaways

  • The bottom of a shirt is commonly referred to as the hem.
  • The hem is the finished edge at the bottom of a shirt that prevents fraying.
  • The hem is typically stitched or folded and secured with a seam.
  • The hem can be straight or curved, depending on the design of the shirt.
  • The hemline of a shirt can vary in length, ranging from cropped to tunic-style.

Frequently Asked Questions

In this section, we will answer some common questions related to the bottom of a shirt.

1. What is the part of a shirt that covers the waist called?

The part of a shirt that covers the waist is called the hem. The hem is the bottom edge of the shirt that is folded over and sewn to create a clean finish. It helps to give the shirt structure and prevent fraying of the fabric.

2. Why is the bottom of a shirt often wider than the top?

The bottom of a shirt is often wider than the top to allow for comfortable movement and ease of fit. This design feature provides a more relaxed and loose fit around the waist and hips, allowing the shirt to drape nicely and accommodate different body shapes.

3. Are there different types of shirt hems?

Yes, there are different types of shirt hems. Some common types include straight hems, curved hems, and shirttail hems. Straight hems have a horizontal line across the bottom of the shirt, while curved hems have a slightly rounded shape. Shirttail hems are shorter on the sides and longer in the front and back, resembling the shape of a shirttail.

4. How is the bottom of a shirt typically finished?

The bottom of a shirt is typically finished by folding the fabric over and sewing it to create a clean and neat edge. This process is known as hemming. Depending on the desired finish, a single or double fold may be used, and the hem can be stitched using a straight stitch or a decorative stitch for added flair.

5. Can the bottom of a shirt be altered?

Yes, the bottom of a shirt can be altered. If the length or fit of the shirt needs to be adjusted, the hem can be raised or lowered. A tailor or seamstress can perform alterations to ensure the shirt fits properly and flatters the wearer's body shape.

Final Thoughts

Understanding the different components of a shirt, including the bottom or hem, can help in understanding the construction and fit of the garment. Whether you're wearing a casual t-shirt or a formal dress shirt, the bottom of the shirt plays an important role in its overall appearance and comfort.



In conclusion, the bottom of a shirt is commonly referred to as the hem.

The hem is the folded and stitched edge that runs along the bottom of a shirt, creating a finished and neat appearance. It serves to keep the fabric from fraying and adds structure to the garment. Understanding the various parts of a shirt, such as the hem, helps us appreciate the craftsmanship and construction that goes into creating the clothes we wear every day.


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